Historicism, Nationalism, and Religious Prejudice
Hilmi M. Zawati, the Triumph of Ethnic Hatred and the Failure of International Political Will: Gendered Violence and Genocide in the Former Yugoslavia and Rwanda (Lewiston, N.Y.: The Edwin Mellen Press, 2010) Pp. 53-88.
36 Pages Posted: 19 Nov 2015
Date Written: November 12, 2010
Religious affiliation emerged as a source of antagonism among the Yugoslav nations, particularly in Bosnia and Herzegovina, after WWII. There is no doubt that the conflicts in the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda had religious dimensions, and that religion was manipulated by religious leaders who had successfully used it to augment the feelings of religious nationalism and ancient hatreds among different ethnic entities. Religion and nationalism often overlapped in constructing national identity within individual ethnic groups. This chapter investigates how the warring parties, mainly Bosnian Serbs and Rwandan Hutu extremists, employed ethnocentrism, historicism, and ethno-religious nationalism to enforce their political agenda.
Keywords: Ethnocentrism; Historicism; Ethno-Religious Nationalism; Nationalism; Religious Prejudice; Former Yugoslavia; Rwanda; Bosnia-Herzegovina; Croatia; Kosovo; Hilmi Zawati.
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