The Long-Term Impacts of International Migration: Evidence from a Lottery

35 Pages Posted: 16 Nov 2015

See all articles by John Gibson

John Gibson

University of Waikato; Motu Economic and Public Policy Research

David J. McKenzie

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Halahingano Rohorua

University of Waikato

Steven Stillman

Free University of Bozen-Bolzano; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

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Abstract

We examine the long-term impacts of international migration by comparing immigrants who had successful ballot entries in a migration lottery program, and first moved almost a decade ago, with people who had unsuccessful entries into those same ballots. The long-term gain in income is found to be similar in magnitude to the gain in the first year, despite migrants upgrading their education and changing their locations and occupations. This results in large sustained benefits to their immediate family, who have substantially higher consumption, durable asset ownership, savings, and dietary diversity. In contrast we find no measureable impact on extended family.

Keywords: international migration, natural experiment, assimilation, household well-being

JEL Classification: F22, O15

Suggested Citation

Gibson, John and McKenzie, David John and Rohorua, Halahingano and Stillman, Steven, The Long-Term Impacts of International Migration: Evidence from a Lottery. IZA Discussion Paper No. 9492, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2690740

John Gibson (Contact Author)

University of Waikato ( email )

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David John McKenzie

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) ( email )

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IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

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Halahingano Rohorua

University of Waikato ( email )

Te Raupapa
Private Bag 3105
Hamilton, 3240
New Zealand

Steven Stillman

Free University of Bozen-Bolzano ( email )

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39100 Bozen-Bolzano (BZ), Bozen 39100
Italy

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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