Does the Lack of Financial Stability Impair the Transmission of Monetary Policy?
56 Pages Posted: 16 Nov 2015 Last revised: 14 Nov 2019
Date Written: November 13, 2019
We investigate the transmission of central bank liquidity to bank deposits and loan spreads in Europe over the period from January 2006 to June 2010. We find evidence consistent with an impaired transmission channel due to bank risk. Central bank liquidity does not translate into lower loan spreads for high-risk banks for maturities beyond one year, even as it lowers deposit spreads for both high-risk and low-risk banks. This adversely affects the balance sheets of high-risk bank borrowers, leading to lower payouts, lower capital expenditures, and lower employment. Overall, our results suggest that banks’ capital constraints at the time of an easing of monetary policy pose a challenge to the effectiveness of the bank-lending channel and the effectiveness of the central bank as a lender of last resort.
Keywords: Central Bank Liquidity, Unconventional Monetary Policy, Monetary Policy Transmission, Corporate Deposits, Financial Crisis, Banking Crisis, Loans, Real Effects
JEL Classification: E43, E58, G01, G21
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation