Rural Livelihoods and Environmental Resource Dependence in Cambodia

43 Pages Posted: 18 Nov 2015

See all articles by Trung Thanh Nguyen

Trung Thanh Nguyen

Leibniz Universität Hannover

Truong Lam Doa

Leibniz Universität Hannover - Institute for Environmental Economics and World Trade

Dorothee Bühlera

Leibniz Universität Hannover - Institute for Environmental Economics and World Trade

Ulrike Grote

University of Bonn - Center for Development Research (ZEF); Leibniz Universität Hannover - Faculty of Economics and Management

Date Written: November 16, 2015

Abstract

Understanding rural livelihood strategies and environmental resource dependence can help to reduce and prevent livelihood stresses induced by environmental resource degradation. This study identifies livelihood strategies of farm households in rural Cambodia and explores their determinants with a focus on environmental resource dependence. The data are derived from a survey of 580 households in 30 villages of Stung Treng province in Cambodia undertaken in 2013. An activity-based two-step cluster analysis is conducted to identify different livelihood clusters and regression models are performed to determine the major factors affecting the choice of livelihood strategies and the dependence on environmental resources. The results demonstrate how different levels of environmental and household capital influence livelihood strategies. Environmental resources contribute a significant portion of household income (27%) and act as a means to reduce income inequality (7%) among households. The absolute environmental income is positively correlated with the total income but the relative environmental income decreases with an increase in total income. Thus, it appears that low income households are not to be blamed for environmental degradation, because they are unable to undertake activities with high return. The findings of this study suggest that promoting off-farm employment, education and social networking reduces the extraction of environmental resources.

JEL Classification: Q57, Q20, Q12

Suggested Citation

Nguyen, Trung Thanh and Lam Doa, Truong and Bühlera, Dorothee and Grote, Ulrike, Rural Livelihoods and Environmental Resource Dependence in Cambodia (November 16, 2015). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2691285 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2691285

Trung Thanh Nguyen (Contact Author)

Leibniz Universität Hannover ( email )

Welfengarten 1
D-30167 Hannover, 30167
Germany

Truong Lam Doa

Leibniz Universität Hannover - Institute for Environmental Economics and World Trade

Königsworther Platz 1
Hannover, 30167
Germany

Dorothee Bühlera

Leibniz Universität Hannover - Institute for Environmental Economics and World Trade

Königsworther Platz 1
Hannover, 30167
Germany

Ulrike Grote

University of Bonn - Center for Development Research (ZEF) ( email )

Walter-Flex-Str. 3, D-53113
Bonn
Germany

Leibniz Universität Hannover - Faculty of Economics and Management

Koenigsworther Platz 1
Hannover, 30167
Germany

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