Elderly Migration and State Fiscal Policy: Evidence from the 1990 Census Migration Flows

Posted: 29 Jun 2001

See all articles by Andrew J. Houtenville

Andrew J. Houtenville

University of New Hampshire - Whittemore School of Business and Economics

Karen Smith Conway

University of New Hampshire - Department of Economics

Abstract

The elderly's unique economic situation makes some government expenditure and taxation policies more attractive than others and also makes them potentially quite mobile. This research investigates whether elderly migration is affected by state fiscal policies, paying close attention to how the public sector is represented and using net as well as gross state-to-state migration flows. Our empirical results suggest that, in addition to cost-of-living and climate considerations, the elderly are attracted to states that exempt food from sales taxes and spend less on welfare. Low personal income and death taxes also encourage migration, depending on how these taxes are measured.

Suggested Citation

Houtenville, Andrew J. and Conway, Karen Smith, Elderly Migration and State Fiscal Policy: Evidence from the 1990 Census Migration Flows. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=269236

Andrew J. Houtenville (Contact Author)

University of New Hampshire - Whittemore School of Business and Economics ( email )

15 College Road
Durham, NH 03824
United States

Karen Smith Conway

University of New Hampshire - Department of Economics ( email )

Durham, NH 03824
United States

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