Exposure to Female Colleagues Breaks the Glass Ceiling - Evidence from a Combined Vignette and Field Experiment

27 Pages Posted: 19 Nov 2015

See all articles by Henning Finseraas

Henning Finseraas

Norwegian Social Research

Åshild Johnsen

University of Stavanger

Andreas Kotsadam

University of Oslo - Department of Economics; Norwegian Social Research

Gaute Torsvik

University of Bergen - Department of Economics; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research)

Date Written: October 20, 2015

Abstract

Increased diversity in the workforce can lead to either more or less discrimination. We study discrimination among recruits in the Norwegian Armed Forces during boot camp. In a vignette experiment female candidates are perceived as less suited to be squad leaders than their identical male counterparts. Adding positive information leads to higher evaluations of the candidates, but does not reduce the amount of discrimination. The boot camp provides an ideal setting for studying inter-group contact. We find that intense collaborative exposure to female colleagues reduces discriminatory attitudes: Male soldiers who were randomly assigned to share room and work in a squad with female soldiers during the recruit period do not discriminate in the vignette experiment.

Keywords: discrimination, exposure, field experiments

Suggested Citation

Finseraas, Henning and Johnsen, Åshild and Kotsadam, Andreas and Torsvik, Gaute, Exposure to Female Colleagues Breaks the Glass Ceiling - Evidence from a Combined Vignette and Field Experiment (October 20, 2015). CESifo Working Paper Series No. 5565. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2692512

Henning Finseraas

Norwegian Social Research ( email )

Munthesgt. 29, N-0260
Oslo
Norway

Åshild Johnsen

University of Stavanger ( email )

PB 8002
Stavanger, 4036
Norway

Andreas Kotsadam

University of Oslo - Department of Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 1095 Blindern
N-0317 Oslo
Norway

Norwegian Social Research ( email )

Munthesgt. 29, N-0260
Oslo
Norway

Gaute Torsvik (Contact Author)

University of Bergen - Department of Economics ( email )

Fosswinckelsgt. 6
N-5007 Bergen, 5007
Norway
55589225 (Phone)
55589210 (Fax)

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research)

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

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