Bridging the Gaps between Research, Policy and Practice in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Survey of Health Care Providers

Canadian Medical Association Journal, June 2010, 182:9.

11 Pages Posted: 7 Dec 2015

See all articles by G. Emmanuel Guindon

G. Emmanuel Guindon

McMaster University - Centre for Health Economics and Policy Analysis (CHEPA)

John Norman Lavis

Institute for Work and Health, Toronto

Francisco Becerra-Posada

Pan American Health Organization

Hossein Malek-Afzali

National Institute of Public Health of Mexico (INSP)

Shi Guang

Tehran University of Medical Sciences

Ashok Yesudian

Tata Institute of Social Sciences

Steven Hoffman

York University; Harvard University

Date Written: June 15, 2010

Abstract

There continues to be gaps between research-based evidence and real-world clinical practice. This study was conducted to examine the use of research-based evidence in defined clinical areas relevant to the Millennium Development Goals. 1499 health care providers in ten low- and middle-income countries (China, Ghana, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Laos, Mexico, Pakistan, Senegal and Tanzania) were surveyed about their use of research-based evidence and factors that may facilitate or impede such use. Findings showed that respondents were most likely to base clinical practices on research and publications from their own country. This suggests that increased investment in local research, or at least in locally adapted publications could have a positive impact on clinical practices.

Keywords: global health, research-based, evidence-based, Millennium Development Goals, China, Ghana, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Laos, Mexico, Pakistan, Senega, Tanania, clinical practice, low-income, middle-income

Suggested Citation

Guindon, G. Emmanuel and Lavis, John Norman and Becerra-Posada, Francisco and Malek-Afzali, Hossein and Guang, Shi and Yesudian, Ashok and Hoffman, Steven, Bridging the Gaps between Research, Policy and Practice in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Survey of Health Care Providers (June 15, 2010). Canadian Medical Association Journal, June 2010, 182:9.. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2693835

G. Emmanuel Guindon

McMaster University - Centre for Health Economics and Policy Analysis (CHEPA) ( email )

Canada

John Norman Lavis

Institute for Work and Health, Toronto ( email )

250 Bloor St. E., Suite 702
Toronto ON M4W 1E6
Canada

Francisco Becerra-Posada

Pan American Health Organization ( email )

Washington, DC
United States

Hossein Malek-Afzali

National Institute of Public Health of Mexico (INSP) ( email )

Cuernavaca
Mexico

Shi Guang

Tehran University of Medical Sciences ( email )

Number 21, Dameshg St.
Vali-e Asr Ave.
Tehran, 14195
Iran

Ashok Yesudian

Tata Institute of Social Sciences ( email )

V.N. Purav Marg
Deonar
Mumbai, CA Maharashtra 400 088
India

Steven Hoffman (Contact Author)

York University ( email )

Global Strategy Lab
4700 Keele Street
Toronto, Ontario M3J 1P3
Canada
+1-416-736-2100 ext 33364 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.globalstrategylab.org/people/steven-hoffman

Harvard University ( email )

Department of Global Health & Population
665 Huntington Avenue, Building 1, Room 1104
Boston, MA 02115
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/steven-hoffman/

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