Urban Flood Resilience: A Chronology of Policies to Prevent Flooding in Taipei

Posted: 22 Nov 2015

See all articles by Yu-Shou Su

Yu-Shou Su

National Development Council, Taiwan; University of Pennsylvania - Penn Institute for Urban Research (IUR)

Date Written: November 21, 2015

Abstract

Floods caused extensive damage during the 1960s while Taipei was experiencing fast urbanization. In the early 1970s, Taiwan’s central government planned a new town, the Linkou New Town, to move people from Taipei’s area of high risk for flooding. Numerous levees and dikes, flood pumping stations, and gates have been built in Taipei since the 1970s. However, high density development occurred along the flood-prone areas of Taipei’s major rivers after the completion of major flood control facilities in the 1990s. Flash floods, along with the failure of pumping stations along the Keelung River, caused by Typhoon Nari in 2001 flooded downtown Taipei. This research finds that coordination problems between different governmental agencies have resulted in inefficiency and ineffectiveness of flood prevention policies. Additionally, a new method combining non-structural measures, land-use and environmental planning, along with retreat planning in order to reduce risk should be gradually adopted in Taipei. Land-use and environmental planning should play a proactive role in reducing Taipei’s flood risk and damage.

Keywords: Urban Resilience, Flood Prevention, Disaster Risk Reduction

Suggested Citation

Su, Yu-Shou, Urban Flood Resilience: A Chronology of Policies to Prevent Flooding in Taipei (November 21, 2015). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2693969 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2693969

Yu-Shou Su (Contact Author)

National Development Council, Taiwan ( email )

3F., No. 3, Baoqing Rd.
Taipei City, 10020
Taiwan

University of Pennsylvania - Penn Institute for Urban Research (IUR) ( email )

210 South 34th Street
Meyerson Hall, G-12
Philadelphia, 19104-6311
United States

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