'Arrestez Et Pillez Contre Toute Sorte De Droit': Commercial Treaties, Neutrality and the Aftershocks of the Spanish Succession
CORE Working Paper Series 2015-II (Vrije Universiteit Brussel)
16 Pages Posted: 23 Nov 2015
Date Written: October 6, 2015
The Peace of Utrecht (11 April 1713) ended a century of bloodshed on the continent. Inter alia by setting new rules for trade with the Spanish Indies and redesigning the balance of Italy. Yet, five years later, a new conflict broke out. France and Britain united with the Emperor against Spain. No particular convention was reached regarding commercial matters for the duration of the conflict. The present paper analyses the complex interplay between trade policy, privateering, warfare, neutrality, corruption, consular and local jurisdiction and diplomatic intercession, based on individual cases contained in the French Maritime records (Archives Nationales, Marine, series B1), as well as Franco-British diplomatic correspondence (Archives Diplomatiques, National Archives). Its main purpose is to help understanding the disconnect between, on the one hand, cordial Franco-British relations regarding “high policy” and, on the other hand, unfettered commercial rivalry.
Keywords: Legal History, Economic History, Diplomatic History
JEL Classification: K33, N43, B31
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation