Developing Focal Point Networks for State-Centered Genocide Prevention
100 Pages Posted: 24 Nov 2015
Date Written: May 2011
While genocide, at times, appears to be sporadic in its emergence; it, in fact, requires diligent planning, strategy, and execution; inferring potential prevention through effective response. Within the last decade, there has been an increased attention on the need for governments to respond effectively to potential genocides. One manifestation of this concern has been an effort to construct governmental systems that can foresee the development of such politics (early warning) and transmit this information for decision makers to respond effectively to the threat (early action).
Through qualitative data analysis of a United States’ case study, this paper explores the influences in the formation of the Genocide Prevention Taskforce Report (GPTR), and how its recommendations will help overcome factors (i.e. bureaucratic inertia, information siloing) that have made past policy less than effective. Data was acquired through interviews with GPTR contributors and text analysis of the GPTR. Using NVivo, a qualitative data analysis software, and network theory methodology, we will create a model of the relevant actors, resources, and knowledge involved in these two genocide prevention efforts. This network model will be analyzed through Allison’s (1999) three conceptual models: rational actor model, standard operating procedure model, and government politics model. This study will seek to extract generalizable lessons that can be applied to other countries’ experiences.
Keywords: Social Network Theory, Genocide, Mass Killing, Genocide Prevention, American Politics, International Relations, Social Psychology
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