The Long Walk: Considering the Enduring Spatial and Racial Dimensions of Deprivation Two Decades after the Fall of Apartheid

22 Pages Posted: 29 Nov 2015

See all articles by Ronelle Burger

Ronelle Burger

Stellenbosch University

Servaas van der Berg

Stellenbosch University

Sarel J. Van der Walt

Stellenbosch University - Department of Economics

Derek Yu

Stellenbosch University - Department of Economics

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Abstract

This study examines the enduring spatial and racial dimensions of poverty and deprivation in South Africa to assess the progress made by the post-apartheid society and state. A multi-dimensional approach is required to assess progress because it can reflect the reduction in deprivation attributable to the improved affordability and expanded coverage of government services. While there has been previous studies tracking poverty trends over segments of the post-apartheid period, no previous work has considered multi-dimensional deprivation over the two decades following the official fall of apartheid. We adopt the Total Fuzzy and Relative approach proposed by Cheli and Lemmi (1995) to derive a poverty index with nine dimensions of deprivation, including education, employment, dwelling type, overcrowding, access to electricity, water, telephone, sanitation and refuse collection. Our analysis shows that there has been a significant improvement in South African deprivation levels between 1996 and 2011, but it also finds that geography and race continue to play an important role in explaining patterns of deprivation.

Keywords: poverty, deprivation, fuzzy sets, South Africa

JEL Classification: I32, I38, N97, D31

Suggested Citation

Burger, Ronelle and Van der Berg, Servaas and Van der Walt, Sarel J. and Yu, Derek, The Long Walk: Considering the Enduring Spatial and Racial Dimensions of Deprivation Two Decades after the Fall of Apartheid. IZA Discussion Paper No. 9524. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2696362

Ronelle Burger (Contact Author)

Stellenbosch University ( email )

Private Bag X1
Matieland, 7602
South Africa

Servaas Van der Berg

Stellenbosch University ( email )

Private Bag X1
Stellenbosch, Western Cape 7602
South Africa

Sarel J. Van der Walt

Stellenbosch University - Department of Economics ( email )

Private Bag X1
Matieland, 7602
South Africa

Derek Yu

Stellenbosch University - Department of Economics ( email )

Private Bag X1
Matieland, 7602
South Africa

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
9
Abstract Views
242
PlumX Metrics