Asking What the People Want: Using Mobile Phone Surveys to Identify Citizen Priorities

42 Pages Posted: 2 Dec 2015

See all articles by Benjamin Leo

Benjamin Leo

Center for Global Development; Georgetown University

Robert Morello

Center for Global Development

Date Written: October 19, 2015

Abstract

Using an experimental design, we assess the feasibility of interactive voice recognition (IVR) surveys for gauging citizens’ development priorities. Our project focuses on four low-income countries (Afghanistan, Ethiopia, Mozambique, and Zimbabwe), which exhibit significant differences in mobile penetration rates and linguistic fractionalization. In this paper, we consider sensitivities of using a single mobile phone-based survey instrument to solicit citizens’ development priorities for a host of actors operating within the country. We analyze whether people’s stated priorities change based on the specified executing actor, timeframe, or question format. A separate Center for Global Development (CGD) working paper provides detailed analysis on a range of methodological issues, including: survey design, implementation, sample weighting, response incentives, and national representativeness. We find that mobile phone-based approaches may be an effective tool for gathering information about citizen priorities. In terms of the specific research questions, we find that people’s priorities rarely change based on the specified actor (e.g., national government or external partners). There also is only a modest timeframe effect on citizens’ revealed concerns, which is limited to less frequently cited development themes and priorities. Lastly, it appears that a closed-ended question format may adequately capture citizen’s priorities compared to open-ended formats. Although, this finding is preliminary and should be tested further due to several methodological challenges in this study. Overall, these findings suggest that a single survey may be an appropriate tool for multiple development actors’ usage – such as bilateral donors, multilateral agencies, and the national government – across multiple contexts.

Keywords: mobile phone surveys, mobile phones, priority setting, zimbabwe, ethiopia, mozambique, afghanistan

JEL Classification: O33, O14, O55, D78, F35

Suggested Citation

Leo, Benjamin and Morello, Robert, Asking What the People Want: Using Mobile Phone Surveys to Identify Citizen Priorities (October 19, 2015). Center for Global Development Working Paper No. 418. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2697242 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2697242

Benjamin Leo (Contact Author)

Center for Global Development ( email )

2055 L St. NW
5th floor
Washington, DC 20036
United States

Georgetown University

Washington, DC 20057
United States

Robert Morello

Center for Global Development ( email )

2055 L St. NW
5th floor
Washington, DC 20036
United States

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