Female Entrepreneurship and Participation Rates in 19th Century Chile

Estudios de Economía, Vol. 42, No. 2, 2015

26 Pages Posted: 3 Dec 2015

Date Written: December 1, 2015

Abstract

This article studies female participation rates as entrepreneurs during the 1877-1908 period using data from the Santiago business license registry, census data and the trademark registry. The evidence reveals that business women in Santiago increased from 3 to 14 percent of the female labor force in the corresponding sectors analyzed during the period. The evidence shows women increasingly as business people: half of the economic sectors analyzed had female entrepreneurs while firms run by women increased from 13 to 20 percent in Santiago, but reached only 5 percent of national firms within the elite.

Keywords: Female entrepreneurship, economic history, economic development, Chile in late 19th century

JEL Classification: N86, N96

Suggested Citation

Escobar Andrae, Bernardita, Female Entrepreneurship and Participation Rates in 19th Century Chile (December 1, 2015). Estudios de Economía, Vol. 42, No. 2, 2015. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2697869

Bernardita Escobar Andrae (Contact Author)

Cieplan ( email )

Dag Hammarskjöld 3269 - Piso 3 Vitacura.
santiago
Chile

University of Talca ( email )

2 Norte 685
Talca, 3460000
Chile

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