Key Drivers of EU Budget Allocation: Does Power Matter?
32 Pages Posted: 4 Dec 2015
Date Written: September 17, 2015
We examine the determinants of the EU budget expenditures allocation among different countries. In line with earlier literature, we consider two alternative explanations for the EU budget distribution: political power vs. needs view. Extending the original data set from Kauppi and Widgrén (2004), we analyze the robustness of their predictions when applying a different measure of power and more sophisticated econometric techniques. We conclude that the nucleolus is a good alternative to the Shapley-Shubik index in distributive situations such as the case of EU budget allocation. Our results also show that when explaining budget shares, the relative weight of political power based on the nucleolus is lower than the predictions of previous studies based on the Shapley-Shubik index.
Keywords: EU policies, budget allocation, political power, nucleolus, Shapley-Shubik index
JEL Classification: D72, D78, H61, O52
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