Moving to Opportunity or Isolation? Network Effects of a Randomized Housing Lottery in Urban India

38 Pages Posted: 4 Dec 2015  

Sharon Barnhardt

Indian Institute of Management (IIM), Ahmedabad

Erica Field

Duke University, Fuqua School of Business-Economics Group; Duke Innovation & Entrepreneurship Initiative

Rohini Pande

Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)

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Date Written: August 3, 2015

Abstract

A housing lottery in an Indian city provided winning slum dwellers the opportunity to move into improved housing on the city’s periphery. Fourteen years later, relative to lottery losers, winners report improved housing farther from the city center, but no change in family income or human capital. Winners also report increased isolation from family and caste networks and lower access to informal insurance. We observe significant program exit: 34% of winners never moved into the subsidized housing and 32% eventually exited. Our results point to the importance of considering social networks when designing housing programs for the poor.

Keywords: Housing, Urban Planning, Urban Development, Poverty, India

Suggested Citation

Barnhardt, Sharon and Field, Erica and Pande, Rohini, Moving to Opportunity or Isolation? Network Effects of a Randomized Housing Lottery in Urban India (August 3, 2015). HKS Working Paper No. 043; Duke I&E Research Paper No. 16-3. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2698272

Sharon Barnhardt

Indian Institute of Management (IIM), Ahmedabad ( email )

Vastrapur
Ahmedabad, GA Gujarat 380 015
India

Erica Field

Duke University, Fuqua School of Business-Economics Group ( email )

Box 90097
Durham, NC 27708-0097
United States
(919) 660-1857 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://sites.duke.edu/ericafield/

Duke Innovation & Entrepreneurship Initiative ( email )

215 Morris St., Suite 300
Durham, NC 27701
United States

Rohini Pande (Contact Author)

Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) ( email )

79 John F. Kennedy Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
617-384-5267 (Phone)
617-495-2575 (Fax)

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