Two Republication Traditions
in Andreas Niederberger and Philipp Schink, Eds, Republican Democracy: Liberty, Law and Politics, Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, 2013, 169-204
36 Pages Posted: 9 Dec 2015
Date Written: 2013
The older traditional Republicanism goes back to the Roman Republic, involving figures like Polybius, Cicero, and Livy. This tradition, which continues in the Renaissance, the English Republic and the American War of Independence is built on three ideas: freedom as non-domination, a mixed constitution, and a contestatory citizenry. But that Republican tradition underwent a sea-change in the hands of Rousseau in the 18th Century and, to a lesser extent, Kant. In this tradition freedom remains conceptualized as non-domination but the ideas of the mixed constitution and the contestatory citizenry disappear.
Keywords: Kant, Rousseau, Republicanism
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