Investment Treaties and the Internal Vetting of Regulatory Proposals: A Case Study from Canada
29 Pages Posted: 9 Dec 2015 Last revised: 19 Apr 2016
Date Written: December 7, 2015
In this paper, we report findings on whether trade and investment agreements that allow for investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS) contribute to regulatory chill. The study focused on whether ISDS contributed to changes in internal vetting of government decisions related to environmental protection in the province of Ontario, Canada. Our main source of information was confidential interviews with insiders, mostly current or former officials in ministries with an environmental or trade mandate. We aimed to advance understanding of litigation risk and government decision-making with a focus on ISDS.
Keywords: ISDS, arbitration, regulation, regulatory chill, litigation risk, environmental protection
JEL Classification: K10
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation