United Nations Peace Operations: Creating Space for Peace
U.S. MILITARY OPERATIONS: LAW, POLICY AND PRACTICE, Oxford University Press, December 2015
39 Pages Posted: 9 Dec 2015 Last revised: 12 Jan 2016
Date Written: July 10, 2015
Despite over 120 countries contributing over 118,00 personnel in support of sixteen different United Nations peace operations around the world, and at a cost exceeding $US 7.83 billion, not much is known about these operations. This chapter seeks to alter, however slightly, that information deficit. This chapter first reviews the UN Charter basis for peace operations and explores the different between Chapter VI Peacekeeping and Chapter VII Peace Enforcement. The chapter then traces the historical development of peace operations from their cold war origins to the latest organizational structure within the U.N.’s Department of Peacekeeping Operations. The chapter then explores peace operations challenges, including determining the applicable law, peacekeeper accountability, and the offensive mandate and use of drones by MONUSCO, the U.N. force in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Keywords: peacekeeping, peace enforcement, United Nations, UN, Chapter VI, accountability, sexual assault, drone, Democratic Republic of the Congo, DRC, MONUSCO, Department of Peacekeeping Operations, DPKO
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