China's Water Environmental Management Towards Institutional Integration. A Review of Current Progress and Constraints vis-a-vis the European Experience

Journal of Cleaner Production, 113 (2016) 285-298, Elsevier, SCI, Impact Factor: 4.167 (Available online since August 2015)

14 Pages Posted: 9 Dec 2015 Last revised: 3 Mar 2016

Yixiang Deng

Chinese Research Academy on Environmental Sciences (CRAES)

Daniele Brombal

Ca Foscari University of Venice

Paolo Davide Farah

West Virginia University (WV, USA); gLAWcal - Global Law Initiatives for Sustainable Development (United Kingdom); University Institute of European Studies - IUSE (Turin, Italy)

Angela Moriggi

Ca Foscari University of Venice

Andrea Critto

Ca Foscari University of Venice

Yun Zhou

Chinese Research Academy on Environmental Sciences (CRAES)

Antonio Marcomini

Ca Foscari University of Venice

Date Written: August 28, 2015

Abstract

In recent years, China has launched ambitious measures to tackle water pollution. As political commitment and public investment soared, Chinese environmental scientists and practitioners have engaged in a substantial debate on the reorganization of the country's water management system. Domestic discussion has largely revolved around best practices adopted abroad, particularly in the European Union (EU), where the Water Framework Directive (WFD) has introduced an integrated management model based on the core concept of unity of the water cycle. This paper seeks to contribute to this debate, by appraising the regulatory, administrative, monitoring, and public participation dimensions of China's water environmental management. Related progress and constraints are discussed in the evolving context of Chinese environmental policies, against the background of the relevant EU experience. Regulatory and administrative coordination and integration, and the adoption of a watershed-based management model, appear at present as essential prerequisites to overcome the fragmentation of China's water environmental management. Despite recent efforts in this direction, institutional rationalization is still hampered by the persistence of conflicting interests and attributions among government bodies concurring to law making and implementation.

Keywords: China, Water, Environmental Management, Institutions, EU Water Framework Directive

JEL Classification: Q20, Q25, Q13, K32, N35, N45, N55, N75, I18, K00, K23, K33, O21

Suggested Citation

Deng, Yixiang and Brombal, Daniele and Farah, Paolo Davide and Moriggi, Angela and Critto, Andrea and Zhou, Yun and Marcomini, Antonio, China's Water Environmental Management Towards Institutional Integration. A Review of Current Progress and Constraints vis-a-vis the European Experience (August 28, 2015). Journal of Cleaner Production, 113 (2016) 285-298, Elsevier, SCI, Impact Factor: 4.167 (Available online since August 2015). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2700386

Yixiang Deng

Chinese Research Academy on Environmental Sciences (CRAES) ( email )

8 Dayangfang BeiYuan Road
Chaoyang District
Beijing, 100012
China

Daniele Brombal

Ca Foscari University of Venice ( email )

Dorsoduro 3246
Venice, Veneto 30123
Italy

Paolo Davide Farah (Contact Author)

West Virginia University (WV, USA) ( email )

209 Knapp Hall, PO Box 6322
Morgantown, WV 26506-6322
United States

HOME PAGE: http://paolofarah.wordpress.com

gLAWcal - Global Law Initiatives for Sustainable Development (United Kingdom) ( email )

United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://www.glawcal.org.uk/

University Institute of European Studies - IUSE (Turin, Italy) ( email )

Turin
Italy

HOME PAGE: http://paolofarah.wordpress.com

Angela Moriggi

Ca Foscari University of Venice ( email )

Dorsoduro 3246
Venice, Veneto 30123
Italy

Andrea Critto

Ca Foscari University of Venice ( email )

Dorsoduro 3246
Venice, Veneto 30123
Italy

Yun Zhou

Chinese Research Academy on Environmental Sciences (CRAES) ( email )

8 Dayangfang BeiYuan Road
Chaoyang District
Beijing, 100012
China

Antonio Marcomini

Ca Foscari University of Venice ( email )

Dorsoduro 3246
Venice, Veneto 30123
Italy

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