Formando juristas en Alemania: estructuras, método e ideales (Educating Lawyers in Germany: On the Methods and Ideals of the German Legal Training)

Academia. Revista sobre enseñanza del Derecho, Vol. 13, No. 25, pp. 37-74, 2015

Max Planck Private Law Research Paper No. 15/4

40 Pages Posted: 10 Dec 2015 Last revised: 11 Dec 2015

See all articles by Johannes Liebrecht

Johannes Liebrecht

Max Planck Institute for Comparative and International Private Law

Abstract

Resumen Español: Las principales características de la formación de juristas en Alemania se pueden resumir en unas pocas frases. El acceso es muy simple, estando abierta a cualquier persona sin consideración de su origen o su fortuna y estudiar es (prácticamente) gratis. Teóricamente cada uno puede organizar sus estudios con toda libertad y por ende los estudios no tienen una duración fija. Los exámenes son muy exigentes, siendo casi en su totalidad exámenes escritos. Los exámenes orales no tienen mucha importancia. Nunca se pregunta lo que dice textualmente la ley, como así tampoco el conocimiento dogmático. Esto se presupone como sabido y por ello no se evalúa. La forma dominante para tomar exámenes es la resolución escrita de casos complicados en poco tiempo. Y muy importante: el que enseña no suele ser el que examina. Detrás de estas frases cortas y hechos áridos, que por sí mismos no dejan entrever mucho, se esconde una curiosa y particular ideología educativa, la cual este artículo aspira a esclarecer. Para poder comprender mejor y en detalle la formación jurídica alemana, en el presente trabajo se explicará su estructura básica, sus axiomas e ideales, su origen histórico y, en una mirada comparativa, se evaluará el caso especial que representa el modelo alemán a nivel internacional.

English Abstract: The main features of the German legal education system may be summarised as follows. Access to legal education is very simple: it is open to anybody irrespective of financial constraints (studying is practically for free) or social background. In theory, students are able to draft their own curricula and to organise their studies however they wish to. Accordingly, university studies do not have any definite duration. However, examinations are extremely demanding; nearly all of them are in writing, oral examinations do not play a strong part. Academic legal knowledge is never examined directly, nor is the content and wording of statutes. Such knowledge is presupposed, and has to be applied in order to be evaluated. Correspondingly, the prevailing method of examination is to put to students sophisticated cases that must be brought to a resolution within a very short time. Additionally, examination scripts are never marked and corrected by the person who set the paper. Behind this over-simplified description, lies an unusual and peculiar educational ideology which this article seeks to elucidate. In order to facilitate a better and more detailed understanding of the German legal education system, its basic structure will be set out, its principles and ideals, and their corresponding historical backgrounds, will be explained, and finally, the German model will be classified from a comparative perspective.

Note: This article is published in the Max Planck Private Law Research Paper Series with the permission of the rights owner, Universidad de Buenos Aires. The downloadable document is in Spanish.

Keywords: Educación legal, Alemania, Método de caso, Enseñanza jurídica, Aprendizaje judicial

Suggested Citation

Liebrecht, Johannes, Formando juristas en Alemania: estructuras, método e ideales (Educating Lawyers in Germany: On the Methods and Ideals of the German Legal Training). Academia. Revista sobre enseñanza del Derecho, Vol. 13, No. 25, pp. 37-74, 2015; Max Planck Private Law Research Paper No. 15/4. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2700764

Johannes Liebrecht (Contact Author)

Max Planck Institute for Comparative and International Private Law ( email )

Mittelweg 187
Hamburg, D-20148
Germany

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
87
Abstract Views
405
rank
290,042
PlumX Metrics