Much Ado About Making Money: The Impact of Disclosure, News and Rumors Over the Formation of Security Market Prices Over Time

26th Annual EAEPE Conference 2014, Research Area S (Evolutionary Economic Simulation), University of Cyprus, Nicosia, 6-8 November 2014

43 Pages Posted: 9 Dec 2015 Last revised: 14 Dec 2016

Yuri Biondi

French National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS)

Simone Righi

MTA TK Lendület Research Center for Educational and Network Studies (RECENS), Hungarian Academy of Sciences; Department of Agricultural and Food Sciences - Economic Section

Date Written: December 17, 2016

Abstract

This article develops an agent-based model of security market pricing process, capable to capture main stylised facts. It features collective market pricing mechanisms based upon evolving heterogeneous expectations that incorporate signals of security issuer fundamental performance over time. Distinctive signaling sources on this performance correspond to institutional mechanisms of information diffusion. These sources differ by duration effect (temporary, persistent, and permanent), confidence, and diffusion degree among investors over space and time. Under full and immediate diffusion and balanced reaction by all the investors, the value of these sources should be consistently and timely integrated by the market price process, implying efficient pricing. By relaxing these quite heroic conditions, we assess the impact of distinctive information sources over market price dynamics, through financial systemic properties such as market price volatility, exuberance and errancy, as well as market liquidity. Our simulation analysis shows that transient information shocks can have permanent effects through mismatching reactions and self-reinforcing feedbacks, involving mispricing in both value and timing relative to the efficient market price series. This mispricing depends on both the information diffusion process and the ongoing information confidence mood among investors over space and time. We illustrate our results through paradigmatic cases of stochastic news, before generalising them to autocorrelated news. Our results are further corroborated by robustness checks over the parameter space and across several market trading mechanisms.

Keywords: market efficiency, disclosure, information diffusion, agent-based modelling

JEL Classification: G14, G17, C63, D47, D82, E17, E37, M41, M48

Suggested Citation

Biondi, Yuri and Righi, Simone, Much Ado About Making Money: The Impact of Disclosure, News and Rumors Over the Formation of Security Market Prices Over Time (December 17, 2016). 26th Annual EAEPE Conference 2014, Research Area S (Evolutionary Economic Simulation), University of Cyprus, Nicosia, 6-8 November 2014. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2700936 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2700936

Yuri Biondi (Contact Author)

French National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS) ( email )

IRISSO - University Paris Dauphine PSL
Place Marechal Lattre Tassigny
75016 Paris
France

HOME PAGE: http://yuri.biondi.free.fr/

Simone Righi

MTA TK Lendület Research Center for Educational and Network Studies (RECENS), Hungarian Academy of Sciences ( email )

Országház u. 30
Budapest, H-1014
Hungary

HOME PAGE: http://perso.fundp.ac.be/~srighi/

Department of Agricultural and Food Sciences - Economic Section ( email )

Piazza Scaravilli 2
Bologna, 40100
Italy

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