Institutions and Visa Regimes

30 Pages Posted: 11 Dec 2015

See all articles by Camila Gracheva

Camila Gracheva

National Research University Higher School of Economics

Leonid Polishchuk

National Research University Higher School of Economics

Koen J. L. Schoors

Ghent University - Centre for Russian International Socio-Political and Economic Studies (CERISE); Ghent University - Department of General Economics

Alexander Yarkin

National Research University Higher School of Economics

Date Written: December 10, 2015

Abstract

We study the impact on visa restrictions of institutions and social norms in a sending country. To this purpose, we unbundle institutions into “institutions-services”, which complement productive activities and serve as public production inputs, and “institutions-rules”, which strengthen the rule of law and constrain unproductive behavior. We propose a theoretical model which incorporates spillover effects of domestic institutional changes and shows that while stronger institutions-services reduce visa barriers, stronger institutions-rules have the opposite effect. Furthermore, visa barriers are affected by norms and values, which complement formal institutions as factors of visa regimes. We use various empirical models to test and confirm the above conjectures.

Keywords: visa barriers, institutions, norms and values, institutional complementarity

JEL Classification: D02; F22; F55; K42

Suggested Citation

Gracheva, Camila and Polishchuk, Leonid and Schoors, Koen J. L. and Yarkin, Alexander, Institutions and Visa Regimes (December 10, 2015). Higher School of Economics Research Paper No. WP BRP 114/EC/2015, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2701829 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2701829

Camila Gracheva

National Research University Higher School of Economics ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

Leonid Polishchuk (Contact Author)

National Research University Higher School of Economics ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

Koen J. L. Schoors

Ghent University - Centre for Russian International Socio-Political and Economic Studies (CERISE) ( email )

Tweekerkenstraat 2
Ghent, 9000
Belgium
+32 9 264 34 78 (Phone)
+32 9 265 35 99 (Fax)

Ghent University - Department of General Economics ( email )

Tweekerkenstraat 2
Ghent, 9000
Belgium
+32 9 264 34 78 (Phone)
+32 9 264 35 99 (Fax)

Alexander Yarkin

National Research University Higher School of Economics ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

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