Out of the Shadows: Explaining the Undeclared Economy in Baltic Countries
Journal of Baltic Stduies, Vol. 41, No. 1, pp. 3-22, 2010
Posted: 14 Dec 2015
Date Written: 2010
Until now, participation in undeclared work has been explained through either a structuralist lens as driven by ‘exclusion’ from state benefits and the circuits of the modern economy or through a neo-liberal and/or post-structuralist lens as driven by the voluntary ‘exit’ of workers out of formal institutions and into this alternative realm. Reporting the results of a 2007 survey of undeclared work in eight Baltic nations, this paper reveals how such either/or explanations need to be transcended and replaced with an appreciation of the heterogeneous nature of such work and the diverse motives underpinning participation in this sphere.
Keywords: informal employment, undeclared labor, shadow economy, tax compliance, European Union
JEL Classification: H26, J46, K42, O17
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation