Out of the Shadows: Explaining the Undeclared Economy in Baltic Countries

Journal of Baltic Stduies, Vol. 41, No. 1, pp. 3-22, 2010

Posted: 14 Dec 2015

See all articles by Colin Williams

Colin Williams

University of Sheffield - School of Management

Date Written: 2010

Abstract

Until now, participation in undeclared work has been explained through either a structuralist lens as driven by ‘exclusion’ from state benefits and the circuits of the modern economy or through a neo-liberal and/or post-structuralist lens as driven by the voluntary ‘exit’ of workers out of formal institutions and into this alternative realm. Reporting the results of a 2007 survey of undeclared work in eight Baltic nations, this paper reveals how such either/or explanations need to be transcended and replaced with an appreciation of the heterogeneous nature of such work and the diverse motives underpinning participation in this sphere.

Keywords: informal employment, undeclared labor, shadow economy, tax compliance, European Union

JEL Classification: H26, J46, K42, O17

Suggested Citation

Williams, Colin, Out of the Shadows: Explaining the Undeclared Economy in Baltic Countries (2010). Journal of Baltic Stduies, Vol. 41, No. 1, pp. 3-22, 2010, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2702985

Colin Williams (Contact Author)

University of Sheffield - School of Management ( email )

15 Conduit Road
Sheffield, S10 1FL
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.sheffield.ac.uk/management/staff/williams/index

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