Marginality as a Root Cause of Poverty: Identifying Marginality Hotspots in Ethiopia

Posted: 16 Dec 2015

See all articles by Christine Husmann

Christine Husmann

Center for Development Research (ZEF), University of Bonn

Abstract

Marginality refers to a position at the margins of social, political, economic, ecological, and biophysical systems. The paper applies this concept to the case of Ethiopia. Marginality hotspots are mapped by overlaying seven different indicators using Geographic Information System software. Results show that people in the South-West and in the North are most marginalized. Overlaying marginality hotspots with a map of agro-ecological belts shows that a large share of marginality hotspots is located in areas with low agricultural potential. Marginality is not bound to specific ethnic groups but ethnic fractionalization is significantly lower in marginality hotspots than in other areas.

Keywords: Africa, Ethiopia, marginality, poverty, ethnic diversity, GIS

Suggested Citation

Husmann, Christine, Marginality as a Root Cause of Poverty: Identifying Marginality Hotspots in Ethiopia. World Development, Vol. 78, 2016, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2704261

Christine Husmann (Contact Author)

Center for Development Research (ZEF), University of Bonn ( email )

Walter-Flex-Str. 3
Bonn, NRW 53113
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.zef.de

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