The Paris Climate Agreement: An Initial Examination

C-EENRG Working Papers No. 6

16 Pages Posted: 18 Dec 2015

Date Written: December 16, 2015


This paper provides an initial examination of the legal structure and content of the Paris Agreement adopted at COP-21 on 12 December 2015. After a brief overview of the negotiations leading to Paris, I analyse the architecture of the Paris Agreement focusing on three main components, namely (1) the goals, (2) the action areas (mitigation, adaptation, loss and damage), and (3) the implementation techniques (information-based: transparency mechanism and global stocktake; compliance facilitation: finance, technology transfer, capacity-building, REDD, linking, sustainable development mechanism; management of non-compliance: non-compliance procedure and dispute settlement). Each component is analysed in turn. The paper concludes with some general observations on the prospects for the Paris Agreement.

Keywords: Paris Agreement, COP 21, climate change, linking, transparency

Suggested Citation

Vinuales, Jorge E., The Paris Climate Agreement: An Initial Examination (December 16, 2015). C-EENRG Working Papers No. 6, Available at SSRN: or

Jorge E. Vinuales (Contact Author)

University of Cambridge ( email )

19 Silver Street
United Kingdom

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
PlumX Metrics