Historical Origins of a Major Killer: Cardiovascular Disease in the American South

36 Pages Posted: 21 Dec 2015

See all articles by Richard H. Steckel

Richard H. Steckel

Ohio State University (OSU) - Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Garrett Senney

Office of the Comptroller of the Currency

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: December 2015

Abstract

When building major organs the fetus responds to signals via the placenta that forecast post-natal nutrition. A mismatch between expectations and reality creates physiological stress and elevates several noninfectious chronic diseases. Applying this concept, we investigate the historical origins of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the American South using rapid income growth from 1950 to 1980 as a proxy for socioeconomic forces that created unbalanced physical growth among southern children born after WWII. Using state-level data on income growth, smoking, obesity and education, we explain over 70% of the variance in current CVD mortality rates across the country.

Suggested Citation

Steckel, Richard H. and Senney, Garrett, Historical Origins of a Major Killer: Cardiovascular Disease in the American South (December 2015). NBER Working Paper No. w21809. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2706310

Richard H. Steckel (Contact Author)

Ohio State University (OSU) - Economics ( email )

1945 North High Street
Columbus, OH 43210-1172
United States
614-292-5008 (Phone)

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Garrett Senney

Office of the Comptroller of the Currency ( email )

400 7th St SW
Washington, DC 20219
United States

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
22
Abstract Views
249
PlumX Metrics