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Bitterness in Life and Attitudes Towards Immigration

26 Pages Posted: 21 Dec 2015  

Panu Poutvaara

Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich - Faculty of Economics; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) - Ifo Institute; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute); CReAM; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Max Friedrich Steinhardt

University of the German Federal Armed Forces - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics; Centro Studi Luca D'Agliano (LdA); Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWI)

Date Written: November 24, 2015

Abstract

Integration of immigrants is a two-way process, the success of which depends both on immigrants and on natives. We provide new evidence on the determinants of individual attitudes towards immigration, using data from the 2005 and 2010 waves of the German Socio-Economic Panel. In particular, we show that bitterness in life is strongly associated with worries about immigration. This effect cannot be explained just by concerns that immigrants are competing with oneself in the labor market. Instead, it appears that people who feel that they have not got what they deserve in life oppose immigration for spiteful reasons.

Keywords: immigration, bitterness, native attitudes

JEL Classification: D720, F220, J610

Suggested Citation

Poutvaara, Panu and Steinhardt, Max Friedrich, Bitterness in Life and Attitudes Towards Immigration (November 24, 2015). CESifo Working Paper Series No. 5611. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2706421

Panu Poutvaara (Contact Author)

Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich - Faculty of Economics ( email )

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Munich, D-80539
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.iiv.vwl.uni-muenchen.de/index.html

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) - Ifo Institute ( email )

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HOME PAGE: http://www.cesifo-group.de/poutvaara-p

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) ( email )

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CReAM ( email )

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IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

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Max Friedrich Steinhardt

University of the German Federal Armed Forces - Department of Economics ( email )

Holstenhofweg 85
Hamburg, 22043
Germany

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Centro Studi Luca D'Agliano (LdA) ( email )

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Milano, 20122
Italy

HOME PAGE: http://https://sites.google.com/site/maxfriedrichsteinhardt/

Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWI) ( email )

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