The Impact of Self Esteem, Machiavellianism, and Social Capital on Attorneys' Traditional Gender Outlook

Posted: 23 Dec 2015

See all articles by Sean Valentine

Sean Valentine

University of North Dakota - College of Business & Public Administration

Gary Fleischman

Texas Tech University

Date Written: December 21, 2003

Abstract

Utilizing a national sample of 106 attorneys and hierarchical regression analysis, this study identified several individual tendencies that could adversely affect women attorneys’ career experiences. The findings indicated that self-esteem was negatively associated with a traditional gender outlook, and that Machiavellianism was positively associated with conservative beliefs about gender. Tolerance for diversity was negatively related to a traditional gender outlook, while work-based social agency was positively related to the preference for established gender roles. The results imply that confidence brings about greater acceptance of women’s organizational roles, and that self-serving tendencies lower individuals’ tolerance of women’s employment. Diversity tolerance appears to prompt a nontraditional gender outlook, while social agency seems to prompt a traditional gender outlook. The organizational implications of the results are discussed along with the research limitations and recommendations for future inquiry.

Suggested Citation

Valentine, Sean and Fleischman, Gary, The Impact of Self Esteem, Machiavellianism, and Social Capital on Attorneys' Traditional Gender Outlook (December 21, 2003). Journal of Business Ethics, Vol. 43, 2003, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2706822

Sean Valentine

University of North Dakota - College of Business & Public Administration ( email )

Grand Forks, ND 58105
United States

Gary Fleischman (Contact Author)

Texas Tech University ( email )

2500 Broadway
Lubbock, TX 79409
United States

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
252
PlumX Metrics