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Gender Quotas or Girls’ Networks? Towards an Understanding of Recruitment in the Research Profession in Italy

Quaderni - Working Paper DSE N° 1047

46 Pages Posted: 23 Dec 2015  

Daniele Checchi

Università degli Studi di Milano - Dipartimento di Economia Politica e Aziendale (DEPA); IZA Institute of Labor Economics; IRVAPP

Simona Cicognani

University of Verona - Department of Economics; University of Bologna - Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis

Nevena Kulic

European University Institute

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: December 23, 2015

Abstract

This article investigates the role of the gender composition of selection committees and networks in promoting women in research activities. We exploit a novel data set on recruitment processes at entry-level research positions in a leading Italian research centre that mainly operates in hard science. We find some evidence of discrimination against women at non-tenured entry levels, which is attenuated (or even reversed) by the presence of a woman on the selection committee. However, the most important predictor for recruitment seems to be previous connections with the research centre, which also serves as an important mechanism for women to enter the research profession. We conclude that quotas could be a solution for gender-biased preferences towards same-sex candidates in selection committees for non-tenure-track positions. Moreover, more gender-neutral networks would be another mechanism to bring more equality between men and women in research.

Keywords: Gender quotas, Discrimination, Research recruitment, Connections

JEL Classification: J16, J71, J45

Suggested Citation

Checchi, Daniele and Cicognani, Simona and Kulic, Nevena, Gender Quotas or Girls’ Networks? Towards an Understanding of Recruitment in the Research Profession in Italy (December 23, 2015). Quaderni - Working Paper DSE N° 1047. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2707577

Daniele Checchi (Contact Author)

Università degli Studi di Milano - Dipartimento di Economia Politica e Aziendale (DEPA) ( email )

Milan, 20122
Italy
+39 02 5032 1519 (Phone)
+39 02 5032 1505 (Fax)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

IRVAPP ( email )

Via Santa Croce 77
Trento, I-38122
Italy

Simona Cicognani

University of Verona - Department of Economics ( email )

Via dell'Artigliere, 8
37129 Verona
Italy

HOME PAGE: http://simonacicognani.weebly.com/

University of Bologna - Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis ( email )

Via Patara, 3
Rimini (RN), RN 47900
Italy

Nevena Kulic

European University Institute ( email )

Villa Schifanoia
133 via Bocaccio
Firenze (Florence), Tuscany 50014
Italy

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