Exclusive Property versus Open Commons. The Case of Gene Patents

The WIPO Journal: Analysis and Debate of Intellectual Property Issues, 4, 2013, 139-158

25 Pages Posted: 26 Dec 2015

See all articles by Geertrui Van Overwalle

Geertrui Van Overwalle

KU Leuven - Centre for IT & IP Law (CiTiP)

Date Written: March 1, 2013

Abstract

The disputed issues in the Myriad case point to the uneasy relationship between human genomic science and patent law. The present paper is an attempt to analyse the current problems in gene patenting through the lens of individual, multiple and collaborative ownership. The objective of the present paper is to systematize the relation between modes of ownership, modes of licensing and their effect on access. The paper takes the view that the exclusionary effect of individual and multiple ownership may be attenuated by the creative design of (new) individual, collaborative and collective (voluntary and compulsory) licensing models, leading to semi-open or totally open commons infrastructures.

Keywords: Innovation, Human genes, Patents, Anti-commons, Patent thicket, Collective ownership, Open access, Commons

JEL Classification: D23, D45, H 41, H51, I18, K11, L14, L4, L 65, O13, O31, O32, O34

Suggested Citation

Van Overwalle, Geertrui, Exclusive Property versus Open Commons. The Case of Gene Patents (March 1, 2013). The WIPO Journal: Analysis and Debate of Intellectual Property Issues, 4, 2013, 139-158 . Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2707991

Geertrui Van Overwalle (Contact Author)

KU Leuven - Centre for IT & IP Law (CiTiP) ( email )

Sint-Michielsstraat 6 box 3443
Leuven, 3000
Belgium

HOME PAGE: https://www.law.kuleuven.be/citip/en/staff/00015469

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