Models for Facilitating Access to Patents on Genetic Inventions

7 Nature Review Genetics, February 2006, 143-148

Posted: 26 Dec 2015

See all articles by Geertrui Van Overwalle

Geertrui Van Overwalle

KU Leuven - Centre for IT & IP Law (CiTiP)

Esther van Zimmeren

University of Leuven

Date Written: 2006

Abstract

The genetics community is increasingly concerned that patents might lead to restricted access to research and health care. We explore various measures that are designed to render patented genetic inventions accessible to further use in research, and to diagnosis and/or treatment. They include the often-recited research or experimental-use exemption, conventional one-to-one licensing and compulsory licensing, as well as patent pools and clearing-house mechanisms. The last two alternatives deserve special attention in the area of human genetics.

Keywords: Human genetics, Gene patents, Patent thickets, Tragedy of the anti-commons, Patent pools

JEL Classification: D23, D45, H 41, H51, I18, K11, L14, L 65, O31, O32, O34

Suggested Citation

Van Overwalle, Geertrui and van Zimmeren, Esther, Models for Facilitating Access to Patents on Genetic Inventions (2006). 7 Nature Review Genetics, February 2006, 143-148. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2708001

Geertrui Van Overwalle (Contact Author)

KU Leuven - Centre for IT & IP Law (CiTiP) ( email )

Sint-Michielsstraat 6 box 3443
Leuven, 3000
Belgium

HOME PAGE: https://www.law.kuleuven.be/citip/en/staff/00015469

Esther Van Zimmeren

University of Leuven ( email )

Oude Markt 13
Leuven, Vlaams-Brabant 3000
Belgium

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