Can the Common-Factor Hypothesis Explain the Observed Housing Wealth Effect?
42 Pages Posted: 27 Dec 2015
Date Written: December 24, 2015
The common-factor hypothesis is one possible explanation for the strong observed housing wealth effect. Under this hypothesis, house price appreciation is statistically related to changes in consumption as long as the available proxies for the common driver of housing and non-housing demand are noisy and housing supply is not perfectly elastic. We simulate a model in which a common factor drives the relation between house prices and consumption to examine the extent to which the common-factor hypothesis can explain the observed housing wealth effect estimated with U.S. state-level data. Our results indicate that the common-factor hypothesis can easily explain the observed housing wealth effect even when the proxies for the common factor have small measurement errors.
Keywords: Wealth effect, housing supply
JEL Classification: R20, E21
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation