Delinquency, Institutionalization, and Time Orientation

Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 1976, Vol. 44, No. 5, 745-759

15 Pages Posted: 27 Dec 2015

See all articles by Simha F. Landau

Simha F. Landau

Hebrew University of Jerusalem - Faculty of Law

Date Written: 1976

Abstract

This study investigated the temporal orientation of delinquents and non-delinquents while adequately controlling institutionalization. For this purpose, four groups were selected: institutionalized delinquents (prison inmates); institutionalized non-delinquents (soldiers); non-institutionalized delinquents (delinquents on probation); and non-institutionalized non-delinquents (vocational students). The findings support most of the hypotheses: Although all subjects were basically future oriented, the institutionalized subjects (mainly prisoners) were more present oriented than their non-institutionalized counterparts. As the prisoner approached release, there was a decrease in the salience of the present and an increase in the salience of the future in his life space. Delinquents (both in and out of prison) perceived the past as more negative and the future as more positive than did non-delinquents. Institutionalized subjects (especially prisoners) perceived the present as more negative than their non-institutionalized counterparts. The affective attitudes of the non-delinquents toward the past, present, and future were much more balanced and realistic than that of the delinquents.

Keywords: delinquents, institutionalization, non-delinquents, soldiers, prisoners, future, past

Suggested Citation

Landau, Simha F., Delinquency, Institutionalization, and Time Orientation (1976). Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 1976, Vol. 44, No. 5, 745-759. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2708511

Simha F. Landau (Contact Author)

Hebrew University of Jerusalem - Faculty of Law ( email )

Mount Scopus
Mount Scopus, IL 91905
Israel

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
12
Abstract Views
197
PlumX Metrics
!

Under construction: SSRN citations while be offline until July when we will launch a brand new and improved citations service, check here for more details.

For more information