The Impact of Venture Capital on the Life Cycles of Startups
93 Pages Posted: 30 Dec 2015
Date Written: December 29, 2015
How do VCs select startups to fund over multiple rounds? To study this question, I develop a dynamic two-sided matching model of VC funding. Using a hand-collected database including both VC-funded and non-VC-funded startups, I estimate the joint determinants of investment selection and the effects of post- investment influence in a Bayesian framework. The results show that selection depends on startups’ quality and VCs’ influence – VCs may choose to invest in a startup with lower quality if their subsequent impact is large. Importantly, previously funded startups are of higher quality and thus are more likely to get additional funding. A simulation experiment shows that initial random differences in startups can magnify significantly under the joint effects of the selection and influence of VC funding.
Keywords: Venture Capital (VC), Investment, Startups, Initial Public Offering (IPO), Merger and Acquisition (MA), Dynamic Model, Bayesian Estimation
JEL Classification: C22, C51, C80, G11, G24, G34, M13
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation