Myanmar's Agriculture Sector: Unlocking the Potential for Inclusive Growth

38 Pages Posted: 30 Dec 2015

See all articles by David Raitzer

David Raitzer

Asian Development Bank

Larry C.Y. Wong

Institute of Strategic and International Studies (ISIS) Malaysia

Jindra Nuella Samson

Asian Development Bank

Date Written: December 2015

Abstract

Myanmar’s agriculture sector offers substantial unexploited potential to underpin the country’s inclusive economic development. With extensive land, water, and labor resources, as well as proximity to fast-growing markets, the country’s agriculture has key competitive advantages. At the same time, Myanmar’s agricultural productivity trails its neighbors as a result of constraints in input markets, infrastructure, and institutions. Key actions to address these constraints include improving land tenure, expanding credit availability, investing in input markets for nutrients and machinery, developing drainage and irrigation systems, and enhancing rural transport and electricity connectivity. In the short-term, public – private partnerships may help to address these barriers to investment, but increased public investment is vital over the longer term. All these direct actions should be underpinned by investments in innovation and attention to climate change effects as part of comprehensive long-term agricultural development planning.

Keywords: agricultural policy, crop performance, fisheries and aquaculture, input markets development, Myanmar

JEL Classification: O13, Q13, Q15, Q18

Suggested Citation

Raitzer, David and Wong, Larry C.Y. and Samson, Jindra Nuella, Myanmar's Agriculture Sector: Unlocking the Potential for Inclusive Growth (December 2015). Asian Development Bank Economics Working Paper Series No. 470, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2709353 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2709353

David Raitzer (Contact Author)

Asian Development Bank ( email )

6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong City 1550
Metro Manila
Philippines

Larry C.Y. Wong

Institute of Strategic and International Studies (ISIS) Malaysia ( email )

No.1, Pesiaran Sultan Salahuddin
P.O. Box 12424
Kuala Lumpur, 50778
Malaysia

Jindra Nuella Samson

Asian Development Bank ( email )

6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong City 1550
Metro Manila
Philippines

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