Combating Environmental Irresponsibility of Transnational Corporations in Africa: An Empirical Analysis
Local Environment, 2015
Posted: 1 Jan 2016
Date Written: December 31, 2015
Environmental irresponsibility is one of the most prominent issues confronting host communities of transnational corporations (TNCs) engaged in the production of economic goods and, sometimes, services. Drawing mainly on stakeholder theory, combined with legitimacy theory, this article addresses how host communities in Africa combat the challenge of environmental irresponsibility of TNCs. To illustrate the dimensions and dynamics of the challenge, this paper examines the experience of despoliation of Ogoniland by the oil giant Shell in Nigeria. The analysis draws attention to the significance of the role of individuals and civil society groups in securing accountability of one of the most formidable fronts of economic globalisation. The analysis is particularly relevant to the experience of environmental irresponsibility in the context of weak governance structures.
Keywords: Transnational corporations, environmental irresponsibility, stakeholder theory, accountability, legitimacy theory
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