Do Real Wages Respond Asymmetrically to Unemployment Shocks? Evidence from the U.S. And Canada
Posted: 23 Sep 2001
Using a set of cointegration and error correction models with asymmetric adjustment, this paper investigates aggregate labor market adjustment in the U.S. and Canada in the post-1973 period. Empirical results show real wages, productivity, and unemployment are cointegrated. Adjustment towards the long-run equilibrium seems to be linear for the U.S. and non-linear for Canada. The dynamic adjustment of real wages to unemployment and productivity shocks show markedly different responses to positive shocks than negative shocks in Canada. However adjustment in the U.S. is mostly symmetric. This difference between the U.S. and Canadian real wage responses may provide an answer to the recent divergence of unemployment rates between the U.S. and Canada.
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