Ethnic Diversity and Educational Attainment

24 Pages Posted: 5 Jan 2016

See all articles by Sefa Awaworyi Churchill

Sefa Awaworyi Churchill

RMIT University - School of Economics, Finance and Marketing

Nuhu Ahmed Salim

Michigan State University

Date Written: December 15, 2015

Abstract

This study attempts to explain the effects of ethnic and linguistic diversity on educational attainment. We argue that cross-section differences in ethnic and linguistic fractionalization can explain a substantial part of the cross-country differences in educational attainment levels. Using data on 86 countries, we uncover new evidence on the relationship between fractionalization and educational attainment. We find that fractionalization lowers educational attainment. This finding is consistent across various measures of educational attainment, and is robust to several sensitivity checks. We explore several potential mechanisms which could explain the observed negative effects of ethnic and linguistic diversity including ethnic diversity’s effect on social capital, discrimination, public goods, conflicts, and institutional quality, among others.

Keywords: ethnic diversity, educational attainment, schooling, fractionalization

JEL Classification: J15, O5, H52, I21

Suggested Citation

Awaworyi Churchill, Sefa and Ahmed Salim, Nuhu, Ethnic Diversity and Educational Attainment (December 15, 2015). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2711041 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2711041

Sefa Awaworyi Churchill (Contact Author)

RMIT University - School of Economics, Finance and Marketing ( email )

Building 80
445 Swanston Street
Melbourne, Victoria 3000
Australia

Nuhu Ahmed Salim

Michigan State University ( email )

Charleston, IL 61920-3099
United States

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