Regression Discontinuity Design with Many Thresholds
41 Pages Posted: 10 Jan 2016 Last revised: 19 Sep 2019
Date Written: September 16, 2019
Numerous empirical studies employ regression discontinuity designs with multiple cutoffs and heterogeneous treatments. A common practice is to normalize all the cutoffs to zero and estimate one effect. This procedure identifies the average treatment effect (ATE) on the observed distribution of individuals local to existing cutoffs. However, researchers often want to make inferences on more meaningful ATEs, computed over general counterfactual distributions of individuals, rather than simply the observed distribution of individuals local to existing cutoffs. This paper proposes a consistent and asymptotically normal estimator for such ATEs when heterogeneity follows a non-parametric function of cutoff characteristics in the sharp case. The proposed estimator converges at the minimax optimal rate of root-n for a specific choice of tuning parameters. Identification in the fuzzy case, with multiple cutoffs, is impossible unless heterogeneity follows a finite-dimensional function of cutoff characteristics. Under parametric heterogeneity, this paper proposes an ATE estimator for the fuzzy case that optimally combines observations to maximize its precision.
Keywords: Regression Discontinuity Designs, Multiple Cutoffs, Average Treatment Effect, Alternative Asymptotics, Peer-effects
JEL Classification: C14, C21, C52, I21
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation