Types of Spatial Mobility and the Ethnic Context of Destination Neighbourhoods in Estonia

22 Pages Posted: 11 Jan 2016

See all articles by Kadi Mägi

Kadi Mägi

University of Tartu

Kadri Leetmaa

University of Tartu

Tiit Tammaru

University of Tartu

Maarten van Ham

Delft University of Technology - OTB Research Institute for Housing, Urban and Mobility Studies; University of St. Andrews; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Abstract

Most studies of the ethnic composition of destination neighbourhoods after residential moves do not take into account the types of moves people have made. However, from an individual perspective, different types of moves may result in neighbourhood environments that differ in terms of their ethnic composition from those in which individuals previously lived. We investigate how the ethnic residential context changes for individuals as a result of different types of mobility (immobility, intra-urban mobility, suburbanisation, and long-distance migration) for residents of the segregated post-Soviet city of Tallinn. We compare the extent to which Estonian- and Russian-speakers integrate in residential terms. Using unique longitudinal Census data (2000-2011) we tracked changes in the individual ethnic residential context of both groups.We found that the moving destinations of Estonian- and Russian-speakers diverge. When Estonians move, their new neighbourhood generally possesses a lower percentage of Russian-speakers compared with when Russian-speakers move, as well as compared with their previous neighbourhoods. For Russian-speakers, the percentage of other Russian-speakers in their residential surroundings decreases only for those who move to the surburbs or who move over longer distances to rural villages. By applying a novel approach of tracking the changes in the ethnic residential context of individuals for all mobility types, we were able to demonstrate that the two largest ethnolinguistic groups in Estonia tend to behave as 'parallel populations' and that residential integration in Estonia is therefore slow.

Keywords: residential mobility, migration, suburbanisation, ethnicity, longitudinal data, Estonia

JEL Classification: J15, J61, R20, R23

Suggested Citation

Mägi, Kadi and Leetmaa, Kadri and Tammaru, Tiit and van Ham, Maarten, Types of Spatial Mobility and the Ethnic Context of Destination Neighbourhoods in Estonia. IZA Discussion Paper No. 9602, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2713023

Kadi Mägi (Contact Author)

University of Tartu ( email )

Ülikooli 18
Tartu 50090, 50090
Estonia

Kadri Leetmaa

University of Tartu

Tiit Tammaru

University of Tartu ( email )

Maarten Van Ham

Delft University of Technology - OTB Research Institute for Housing, Urban and Mobility Studies ( email )

P.O. Box 5043
2600 GA Delft
Netherlands
+31 15 278 2782 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.maartenvanham.nl

University of St. Andrews ( email )

North St
Saint Andrews, Fife KY16 9AJ
United Kingdom

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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