Socio-Economic Segregation in European Capital Cities: Increasing Separation between Poor and Rich

26 Pages Posted: 11 Jan 2016

See all articles by Sako Musterd

Sako Musterd

University of Amsterdam

Szymon Marcińczak

University of Lodz

Maarten van Ham

Delft University of Technology - OTB Research Institute for Housing, Urban and Mobility Studies; University of St. Andrews; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Tiit Tammaru

University of Tartu

Abstract

Socio-economic inequality is on the rise in major European cities as are the worries about that, since this development is seen as threatening social cohesion and stability. Surprisingly, relatively little is known about the spatial dimensions of rising socioeconomic inequality. This paper builds on a study of socio-economic segregation in twelve European cities: Amsterdam, Athens, Budapest, London, Madrid, Oslo, Prague, Riga, Stockholm, Tallinn, Vienna, and Vilnius. Data are used from national censuses and registers for the years 2001 and 2011. The main conclusion is that socio-economic segregation in Europe has grown. This paper develops a rigorous multi-factor approach to understand segregation and links it to four underlying universal, partially overlapping, structural factors: social inequalities, globalization and economic restructuring, welfare regimes, and housing systems. The paper provides an in-depth discussion of these factors to come to a better understanding of the differences between the hypothesized and actual segregation levels measured. It is suggested that introducing time-lags between structural factors and segregation outcomes improve the theoretical model.

Keywords: socio-economic segregation, inequality, capital cities, Europe, comparative research, census data

JEL Classification: N94, O18, P25, R21, R23

Suggested Citation

Musterd, Sako and Marcińczak, Szymon and van Ham, Maarten and Tammaru, Tiit, Socio-Economic Segregation in European Capital Cities: Increasing Separation between Poor and Rich. IZA Discussion Paper No. 9603, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2713024

Sako Musterd (Contact Author)

University of Amsterdam ( email )

Spui 21
Amsterdam, 1018 WB
Netherlands

Szymon Marcińczak

University of Lodz

Ulica Prezydenta Gabriela
Narutowicza 65 str.
Lodz, 90-131
Poland

Maarten Van Ham

Delft University of Technology - OTB Research Institute for Housing, Urban and Mobility Studies ( email )

P.O. Box 5043
2600 GA Delft
Netherlands
+31 15 278 2782 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.maartenvanham.nl

University of St. Andrews ( email )

North St
Saint Andrews, Fife KY16 9AJ
United Kingdom

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Tiit Tammaru

University of Tartu ( email )

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