What Drives the Development of Community Energy in Europe? The Case of Wind Power Cooperatives

Energy Research & Social Science, 2016. 13: p. 136-147.

32 Pages Posted: 7 Feb 2016 Last revised: 21 Mar 2016

See all articles by Thomas Bauwens

Thomas Bauwens

University of Liege, HEC Management School, Students; ETH Zürich

Boris Gotchev

Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies (IASS)

Lars Holstenkamp

Leuphana University of Lüneburg, Institute of Banking, Finance and Accounting

Date Written: January 13, 2016

Abstract

The dominant model of energy infrastructure has historically been conceived in a very centralized fashion, i.e., with hardly any citizen involvement in energy generation. Yet, increasing attention is being paid to the transition process towards a more decentralized configuration. This article examines the factors likely to foster citizen and community participation as regards wind power cooperatives in Denmark, Germany, Belgium and the UK. Using Elinor Ostrom’s Social-Ecological System Framework, the analysis highlights a double-edged phenomenon: prevailing and growing hostility toward cooperatives, on the one hand, and, on the other, strategic reactions to this evolution. What comes out indeed is that, throughout most of these countries, the emergence of some coordinated inter-organizational actions among cooperatives enables them to survive in their critical environment.

Keywords: Wind power; Cooperative; Community energy; Social-Ecological System

Suggested Citation

Bauwens, Thomas and Gotchev, Boris and Holstenkamp, Lars, What Drives the Development of Community Energy in Europe? The Case of Wind Power Cooperatives (January 13, 2016). Energy Research & Social Science, 2016. 13: p. 136-147., Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2714847

Thomas Bauwens (Contact Author)

University of Liege, HEC Management School, Students ( email )

Liège
Belgium

ETH Zürich ( email )

Lausanne
Switzerland

Boris Gotchev

Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies (IASS) ( email )

Berlinerstrasse 130
Potsdam
Germany

Lars Holstenkamp

Leuphana University of Lüneburg, Institute of Banking, Finance and Accounting ( email )

Scharnhorststraße 1
Lüneburg, 21335
Germany
+49 4131 677 1931 (Phone)
+49 4131 677 2169 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.leuphana.de/lars-holstenkamp.html

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