Empirical Polycentricity: The Complex Relationship between Employment Centers

28 Pages Posted: 14 Jan 2016

See all articles by Steven G. Craig

Steven G. Craig

University of Houston - Department of Economics

Janet E. Kohlhase

University of Houston - Department of Economics

Adam Perdue

University of Houston, Department of Economics

Date Written: January 2016

Abstract

Our paper empirically demonstrates that employment subcenters in large urban areas have important economic relationships with each other, and not solely with the central business district (CBD). Using data from Houston, Texas, we estimate polycentric density functions and show that “total” gradients differ from gradients using only own‐center coefficients. We model asymmetry by showing density is very different for centers with overlapping areas of influence. We conclude that subcenters have important yet heterogeneous linkages to each other in addition to the CBD, and that therefore the polycentric city is more complex than simply having additional centers mimicking the CBD.

Suggested Citation

Craig, Steven G. and Kohlhase, Janet E. and Perdue, Adam, Empirical Polycentricity: The Complex Relationship between Employment Centers (January 2016). Journal of Regional Science, Vol. 56, Issue 1, pp. 25-52, 2016. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2715235 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jors.12208

Steven G. Craig (Contact Author)

University of Houston - Department of Economics ( email )

McElhinney Building
Room 202-A
Houston, TX 77204-5882
United States
713-743-3812 (Phone)
713-743-3798 (Fax)

Janet E. Kohlhase

University of Houston - Department of Economics ( email )

Houston, TX 77204-5882
United States

Adam Perdue

University of Houston, Department of Economics ( email )

Houston, TX 77204-5882
United States

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