Socio-Economic Empowerment of Women: An Micro Level Study
Book entitled: "Women Empowerment in India - Problems and Challenges" Author: Dr. Vipin Kumar Singhal ISBN: 978-93-80966-48-9. Publishers: Sunrise Publications, Laxmi Nagar, New Delhi Year: 2015
74 Pages Posted: 15 Jan 2016
Date Written: January 14, 2016
This research paper divided into two sections, as following: Section – A: This section at secondary sources of data, which are concerned with rising the socio-economic status of women in society. This section attempted to examine the secondary data related to empowerment of women with socio-economic aspects such as: Incidents of crime against women, female and girl child sex ratio, literacy rates by gender, enrollment of women in higher education, labour force participation rate by sex & place of residence etc. Section – B: In this section at micro level an endeavor is made to find out the association between the background variables and socio-economic dimensions of the rural women of Baghpat district in Western Uttar Pradesh. In order to ascertain the relationship between the background variables and the socio-economic elements in the behavior set, six socio-economic variables and background variables of the respondents had been taken into consideration. Socio-economic variables chosen are such as: (i) Physical violence by husband towards women; (ii) Psychological, ethical and socio-economic violence by husband towards women; (iii) Linkages between physical violence by husband and their some factors; (iv) Linkages between psychological violence by husband and their some factors; (v) Status of women in family & society; and (vi) Women participation in family & society. These dependent variables of the rural women have been sought to be associated with four of their background variables: occupation, education, age and caste.
Study concluded that the structure of society is such that does not allow them to join the socio-economic activities freely. It was observed that various socio-economic variables influenced the preference for different levels of education for girls. Among Indian women folk, illiteracy is responsible for discrimination against them. The women may be given exactly same type of education as men are receiving so that they may compete with men on equal terms in every walk of life without feeling any inferiority and subordinate status. It was observed that most of the women felt about the household chores as their first loyalty and prime duty, whether they are employed or unemployed. Further, employed women have to perform dual responsibilities of looking household matters, taking care of her children and doing gainful job outside home. It was found that most of the educated women were suffered the discrimination in work spheres. It was observed that as the status of women has been changing rapidly from bread-maker to bread-earner, their outlook on important matters like divorce, widow remarriage is also changing. Yet public opinion needs to assert itself against this social evil. Regarding the household duty of women, no significant shift has been observed in the traditional expectations as home responsibilities continue to be an important sphere of women’s activities.
Keywords: Socio-Economic Empowerment of Women; Socio-economic variables; Physical violence; psychological violence by husband
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