Solving the Clinker Dilemma with Hybrid Output-Based Allocation

39 Pages Posted: 15 Jan 2016

See all articles by Frédéric Branger

Frédéric Branger

CIRED, International Research Center on Environment & Development, France

Misato Sato

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE)

Date Written: July 31, 2015

Abstract

This paper proposes an innovative solution to distribute free allowances to the cement sector under emissions trading systems, called hybrid output-based allocation (OBA). We demonstrate that unlike many of the allocation methods currently being used, our design provides incentives which are aligned with the mitigation options available to this sector in the short to medium term. Specifically, it increases the incentive to improve the carbon intensity of clinker production; reduces the incentive to import clinker to avoid carbon costs; increases the incentive to use more low-carbon clinker alternatives to produce cement; and finally it reduces excess allocation and reduces incentives to inflate production volumes to obtain more free allowances. The hybrid OBA does not, however, provide incentives to reduce the consumption of cement or to bring about break-through technologies, hence should be considered as a mid-term solution to aid the decarbonization of the cement sector in conjunction with other support mechanisms.

Keywords: Emissions Trading, Output-based Allocation, Climate Policy, Cement sector, Clinker Dilemma

JEL Classification: Q50, Q54, H23

Suggested Citation

Branger, Frédéric and Sato, Misato, Solving the Clinker Dilemma with Hybrid Output-Based Allocation (July 31, 2015). FEEM Working Paper No. 85.2015, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2715971 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2715971

Frédéric Branger (Contact Author)

CIRED, International Research Center on Environment & Development, France ( email )

Campus du Jardin Tropical
45 bis avenue de la Belle Gabrielle
F94736 Nogent sur Marne Cedex
France

Misato Sato

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) ( email )

Houghton Street
London, WC2A 2AE
United Kingdom

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