How Much Electricity Do We Consume? A Guide to German and European Electricity Consumption and Generation Data

33 Pages Posted: 19 Jan 2016

See all articles by Maximilian Schumacher

Maximilian Schumacher

Neon Neue Energieökonomik GmbH

Lion Hirth

Neon Neue Energieökonomik GmbH; Hertie School of Governance

Date Written: 2015

Abstract

Accurate information about electricity generation and consumption is crucial to power system modelling. Several institutions publish such data: for European countries these include the association of system operators ENTSO-E, the EU body Eurostat, and the International Energy Agency; for Germany they comprise the sector organization BDEW, the federal statistical office Statistisches Bundesamt, the working group AG Energiebilanzen, and the four transmission system operators. This paper compares the terminology, methodology, and reported data of these sources, finding inconsistencies at all three levels. For example, annual electricity generation from wind and solar power in Germany differs by as much as 10%–20%, depending on who you ask. ENTSO-E publishes "hourly load", which is widely used among power system modellers. The data documentation provides a (constant) "representativity factor" that should be used to scale the hourly load values. However, we find that the scaling factor, when derived from ENTSO-E's own more comprehensive data sources ("monthly consumption"), is neither the one provided, nor is it constant. The deviation is particularly worrying in Germany, where peak electricity demand might be underestimated by up to a quarter, and so we propose a scaling procedure that avoids such bias.

Keywords: Power system data, Power market modelling

JEL Classification: L94, C63

Suggested Citation

Schumacher, Maximilian and Hirth, Lion, How Much Electricity Do We Consume? A Guide to German and European Electricity Consumption and Generation Data (2015). FEEM Working Paper No. 88.2015, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2715986 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2715986

Maximilian Schumacher

Neon Neue Energieökonomik GmbH ( email )

Karl-Marx-Platz 12
12043
Berlin, 12043
Germany

Lion Hirth (Contact Author)

Neon Neue Energieökonomik GmbH ( email )

Karl-Marx-Platz 12
12043
Berlin, 12043
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.neon-energie.de

Hertie School of Governance ( email )

Friedrichstraße 180
Berlin, 10117
Germany

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
127
Abstract Views
930
rank
243,697
PlumX Metrics