Temporary and Permanent Migrant Selection: Theory and Evidence of Ability-Search Cost Dynamics

40 Pages Posted: 18 Jan 2016

See all articles by Joyce J. Chen

Joyce J. Chen

Ohio State University (OSU) - Department of Agricultural, Environmental & Development Economics

Katrina Kosec

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Valerie Mueller

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

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Abstract

The migrant selection literature concentrates primarily on spatial patterns. This paper illustrates the implications of migration duration for patterns of selection by integrating two workhorses of the labor literature, a search model and a Roy model. Theory and empirics show temporary migrants are intermediately selected on education, with weaker selection on cognitive ability. Longer migration episodes lead to stronger positive selection on both education and ability, as its associated jobs involve finer employee-employer matching and offer greater returns to experience. Networks are more valuable for permanent migration, where search costs are higher. Labor market frictions explain observed complex network-skill interactions.

Keywords: migration, search costs, networks, Pakistan

JEL Classification: J61, O15

Suggested Citation

Chen, Joyce J. and Kosec, Katrina and Mueller, Valerie, Temporary and Permanent Migrant Selection: Theory and Evidence of Ability-Search Cost Dynamics. IZA Discussion Paper No. 9639, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2716580

Joyce J. Chen (Contact Author)

Ohio State University (OSU) - Department of Agricultural, Environmental & Development Economics ( email )

2120 Fyffe Rd
Columbus, OH 43210-1067
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.aede.osu.edu/people/chen.1276

Katrina Kosec

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

Valerie Mueller

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

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