Through What Mechanisms Do Protected Areas Affect Environmental and Social Outcomes?

Ferraro PJ, Hanauer MM. 2015 Through what mechanisms do protected areas affect environmental and social outcomes? Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 370: 20140267.

11 Pages Posted: 19 Jan 2016

See all articles by Paul J. Ferraro

Paul J. Ferraro

Johns Hopkins University - Carey Business School; Georgia State University - Department of Economics

Merlin Hanauer

Sonoma State University - School of Business and Economics

Date Written: August 24, 2015

Abstract

To develop effective protected area policies, scholars and practitioners must better understand the mechanisms through which protected areas affect social and environmental outcomes. With strong evidence about mechanisms, the key elements of success can be strengthened, and the key elements of failure can be eliminated or repaired. Unfortunately, empirical evidence about these mechanisms is limited, and little guidance for quantifying them exists. This essay assesses what mechanisms have been hypothesized, what empirical evidence exists for their relative contributions and what advances have been made in the past decade for estimating mechanism causal effects from nonexperimental data. The essay concludes with a proposed agenda for building an evidence base about protected area mechanisms.

Keywords: causal mechanisms, parks, reserves, conservation, evaluation, impacts

JEL Classification: Q24

Suggested Citation

Ferraro, Paul J. and Hanauer, Merlin, Through What Mechanisms Do Protected Areas Affect Environmental and Social Outcomes? (August 24, 2015). Ferraro PJ, Hanauer MM. 2015 Through what mechanisms do protected areas affect environmental and social outcomes? Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 370: 20140267.. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2717710

Paul J. Ferraro

Johns Hopkins University - Carey Business School ( email )

100 International Drive
Baltimore, MD 21202
United States

Georgia State University - Department of Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 3992
Atlanta, GA 30302-3992
United States

Merlin Hanauer (Contact Author)

Sonoma State University - School of Business and Economics ( email )

1801 East Cotati Avenue
Rohnert Park, CA 94928
United States

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