What Do We Mean by Performativity in Organizational and Management Theory? The Uses and Abuses of Performativity
International Journal of Management Reviews, Article first published online: 7 JUL 2015. DOI: 10.1111/ijmr.12074
48 Pages Posted: 20 Jan 2016
Date Written: July 7, 2015
John Austin introduced the formulation ‘performative utterance’ in his 1962 Book How to Do Things with Words. This term and the related concept of performativity have subsequently been interpreted in numerous ways by social scientists and philosophers such as Lyotard, Butler, Callon or Barad, leading to the coexistence of several foundational perspectives on performativity. This paper reviews and evaluates critically how organization and management theory (OMT) scholars have used these perspectives, and how the power of performativity has, or has not, stimulated new theory-building. In performing a historical and critical review of performativity in OMT, our analysis reveals the uses, abuses and under-uses of the concept by OMT scholars. It also reveals the lack of both organizational conceptualizations of performativity and analysis of how performativity is organized. Ultimately, our aim is to provoke a ‘performative turn’ in OMT by unleashing the power of the performativity concept to generate new and stronger organizational theories.
Keywords: Performativity, Organization Theory, Callon, Butler, Austin, Lyotard
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation