Domestic Violence and Football in Glasgow: Are Reference Points Relevant?

21 Pages Posted: 20 Jan 2016

See all articles by Alex Dickson

Alex Dickson

University of Strathclyde

Colin Jennings

Queen's College

Gary Koop

University of Strathclyde, Glasgow - Strathclyde Business School - Department of Economics

Date Written: February 2016

Abstract

A growing body of evidence suggests that people exhibit loss aversion – the displeasure from suffering a loss is larger than the pleasure enjoyed from an equivalent‐sized gain – and that expectations are important in determining what is perceived as a loss. Recent research suggests that disappointing results in sporting fixtures relative to prematch expectations play an important role in triggering domestic violence (Card and Dahl, 2011), consistent with the idea of loss aversion around expectations‐based reference points. This paper seeks to investigate whether such behaviour is exhibited by football fans in Glasgow by looking at the relationship between match outcomes relative to expectations and levels of domestic violence using a data set that contains every domestic violence incident in Glasgow over a period of more than eight years. Whilst we find that when the ‘Old‐Firm’ Glasgow rivals Celtic and Rangers play there are large increases in domestic violence (regardless of the outcome of the match), in other matches disappointing results relative to expectations are not linked to increased domestic violence, except when those matches occur at the very end of the season where the title is still being contended.

Suggested Citation

Dickson, Alex and Jennings, Colin and Koop, Gary, Domestic Violence and Football in Glasgow: Are Reference Points Relevant? (February 2016). Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 78, Issue 1, pp. 1-21, 2016. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2718676 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obes.12105

Alex Dickson (Contact Author)

University of Strathclyde ( email )

16 Richmond Street
Glasgow 1XQ, Scotland G1 1XQ
United Kingdom

Colin Jennings

Queen's College ( email )

Oxford
United Kingdom

Gary Koop

University of Strathclyde, Glasgow - Strathclyde Business School - Department of Economics ( email )

100 Cathedral Street
Glasgow G4 0LN
United Kingdom

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